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Moving to the Bay Area with School-Aged Kids
This page has advice about how to find schools for your child if you are new to the area, especially for families that are new to the US.
General Information about Bay Area Schools
Questions and Discussions
Infants to 5 year olds
There is no "free" school or childcare unless you qualify for a low-income program. Most families in the area who need childcare for children under 5 use one of the following: (1) Home-Based Daycares, which are people who are licensed to care for a small group of children in their homes. (2) Childcare Centers, which have their own sites. This includes centers that are operated by UC Berkeley for its affiliates. (3) Nannies who come to your home to provide childcare. They are very popular for babies, and many people share a nanny with 1 or 2 other families to make the cost more affordable. You can find a nanny by Subscribing to BPN and reading the weekly Childcare newsletter. (4) Pre-Schools for 3 and 4 year olds, either in someone's home or in a dedicated building. Public schools also provide a pre-kindergarten program for children who reached their 5th birthday between September and December.
5 to 10 year olds
Most elementary schools are either K-5 or K-8 at a site separate from older children, although some private schools are K-12. For both private and public schools, children must have reached their 5th birthday by September 1 in order to enter Kindergarten. Public school districts also provide a Pre-K program for children who are not quite 5 by the deadline. There is some flexibility about the starting age for private schools, but the great majority of private schools follow the 5-by-Sept1 rule. Most of the local public and private elementary schools are reviewed on BPN's website Here.
11 to 13 year olds
Most local public school districts have one or more Middle Schools that are located at their own sites, although a few districts have schools that are K-8 inclusive. There are some private schools that cater exclusively to middle school students, and others that are K-8. See BPN's list of Middle Schools to read more.
14 to 18 year olds
Most of the local school districts (Berkeley, El Cerrito, Albany, Piedmont) have only one high school, sometimes with an additional alternative school. Bigger districts like Oakland have more than one high school. In many school districts it is common for children who attended private schools to switch to public school for high school, so there are not as many private high schools as elementary schools. See BPN's list of local public and private High Schools.
Private Schools, also called "Independent Schools", are privately run, usually by either a non-profit corporation or a religious organization. You must apply to these schools, usually one year before your child will start school. Some private schools receive many more applications than they have space available, and parents plan years ahead of time to apply; other private schools have openings throught the year. More information about this is below.
Most local school districts have "neighborhood schools." This means that your child will usually be assigned to the school that is closest to your home. Oakland, Albany, and El Cerrito assign children to the school in their neighborhood. Other school districts including Berkeley and San Francisco assign children to schools based on socio-economic distribution across the city in order to balance the schools. In these districts, you can request the school you want, but you may be assigned to a different school depending on the district's needs at the time.
You can find maps of neighborhoods on the school district's websites, along with more information about the schools in the district. See BPN's list of Public School Districts to see a list of schools in each district, read parents' reviews, and find links to the school district's page.
You may apply to attend a school in another school district, or you may request a different school in your home district from the one you were assigned to. This might be easy or hard, depending on the district. For example, it is next to impossible to attend Berkeley, Albany, or Piedmont schools if you do not live in these cities. BPN has many discussions about this - see pages for the districts you are interested in.
Charter schools are also public schools, and they are open to all children in California regardless of which school district they live in. Charter schools are a relatively new concept in California, and there can be a lot of fluctuation in enrollment and popularity. Oakland has a great many charter schools; other East Bay cities have few or none. Some charter schools are very popular and are difficult to gain entrance to, others are easier. You can read reviews of some of the charter schools Here.
You can register at any time, although if you register during the official enrollment period (usually January-February for the following Fall), you have a better chance of getting your choice of school in some districts such as Berkeley and Oakland. You will usually need to visit the school district's office in person in order to enroll your child and you will need to have proof of your residence, such as a rental agreement, bank account, etc. This means that you will most likely be registering your child after you have already moved here and have found a place to live. In addition to proof of residence in the district, you will need your child's birth certificate and immunization record, along with reports/grades from previous schools.
Once you have registered, your child can usually begin attending school immediately. All residents within a school district are guaranteed a place in a school in the district. Each district has its own requirements about what is required, so check their website (see BPN's list of Public School Districts for links.)
If you are interested in a Charter School, you will need to contact the school directly. See the list of local charter schools.
Private School Registration
Most local private schools follow a yearly application cycle that goes
- October to December: the schools host tours and open houses for prospective students
- January: deadline for applying to the school
- March: acceptance notices are sent out
- August: school starts
Information about admissions events and applications can be found on each school's websites, and many of them also make announcements in BPN's weekly Schools & Preschools newsletters during the months of September through December.
What if you will not be here for the admission cycle? Or if you arrive mid-year?
There are a few local private schools that are always full, and can never accept a new student mid-year. But this is the exception. Most private schools do have openings here and there, throughout the school year, because families move away, or financial situations change, or people fall out of love with their child's school! Many private schools are very interested in enrolling students from other countries, and most are enthusiastic about families who have an association with UC Berkeley. You will need to contact each school individually. Look for the email address for the Admissions Director on the school's website.
Most local private schools (and at least one public school district - West Contra Costa) also add on an additional week in February, usually called "Presidents' Week" but referred to informally and perhaps derisively as "Ski Week."
Please check the website for your school district or private school to find out what the exact dates are.
Private Schools in 2013 ranged from $6,000 a year for some Catholic schools to more than $30,000 a year for some private schools. Financial aid may be available. Nearly all local private schools list tuition amounts on their websites. Check the List of Private Schools to find a link to the school's website.
Many local private schools are also accustomed to students who do not speak English. How common this is at any particular private school depends on the school. If you are interested in private schools, you should contact the school directly to find out how they support students who do not speak English.
There are a number of schools in the area, mostly private, but some public, that are either bilingual or are exclusively non-English, especially Spanish, French, and Mandarin. See BPN's list of Bilingual & Immersion Schools.
We are moving from MA to the bay area next month and will be late to enroll our daughter into kindergarten. Do the public schools in various towns guarantee a spot to the residents even if one is late to enroll/register? -thanks. Vikas You are guaranteed a spot in public school, but you are not guaranteed a spot in a particular school. So you may not want to count on getting your kids into the neighborhood school or a particular school of your choice. Parent
My husband and I are relocating to the San Francisco Bay Area from Central Illinois in January. We have two children ages 7 and 9. We absolutely LOVE their current school which includes class size of 20 students, PE everyday, recess everyday, drama, technology, art, music, and strong teacher autonomy. It is a University lab school and there is no tuition. Our biggest concern about moving is finding a similar school. We have heard horror stories about California Public Schools. We will not be able to afford private school tuition. I am open to home schooling but would really like to have them in school if we can find one that meets our needs. Can anyone recommend an area or specific school where we are likely to find the things that we love about our current school? My husband will be working in San Francisco. We are assuming that we will be living somewhere in the East Bay area. Jennifer
Hello Everyone, I just have to say that I love this newletter. My family and I are returning to the Bay Area and looking for a great public elementary school for my 5 year old who will be starting Kindergarten in the fall. Can anyone recommend any? We are looking into Concord, Plesant Hill, and Walnut Creek. We would like a school that has a strong curriculum, resources, etc. Also, does anyone have a preference of which of the three cities they recommend? And any advice on renting a house? Thanks so much! Janeth
(1) Realize that CA's school funding formula -- which requires local funds to go to the state for redistribution -- makes schools terribly underfunded generally, and increases the inequity (rather than decreasing it, as was meant) because PTA's and local education foundations end up making the schools ''livable'' by raising money from the surrounding communities. So, sadly, what you're looking for is a financially generous community. This not only means that the community members have disposable income, but also means a low percentage of people who opt out and send their kids to private school as well as a high percentage of community involvement. (And you can go to the state website to get Annual Yearly Progress scores, which will give you an idea of the AVERAGE intellectualism of the students, though not much else.) You also should be thinking that you'll put in a minimum of $200-500/child annually in parent night requests for cash and other fundraisers.
The neighborhood I'm in -- which has top schools, but isn't in your area -- is $1000/month more expensive than an adjacent neighborhood with a worse (not terrible, just average) school.
(2) Renting: craigslist.
Last year saw 110's for a week in the area you're mentioning -- and it didn't really cool off much at night. Energy is expensive and getting more so. So I'd choose the smallest and most energy efficient space you can be comfortable with, and unless you're all VERY good with sleeping in a hot room, I'd recommend requiring air conditioning.
Get school district maps for attendance boundaries, and have them handy so you can know whether what you see on craigslist is in your target attendance area or not.
You can also call the school PTA and talk to them about the pros and cons of the school. (You should do a bit of volunteering for your PTA when you arrive anyway to connect to the local school community.)
(3) Also as for budgeting, keep in mind that since land is so expensive, everything is: supermarkets, dry-cleaning, etc. - Sticker-shocked, but still happy to be back
My wife and I grew up and were schooled in Europe. We've now
been through the US experience of day-care waitlists for our
now 10 month old. Although I *hope* we are addressing this in
time we are now thinking about schools for him. Could someone
provide a basic summary of how the system works, at what age
the child goes to school (about 4 in europe) and anything else
we should be thinking about at this point. In case its
relevant, we live in montclair.
Most public schools have Kindergarten through Grade 5 classes. Grade 6, 7 and 8 are Middle School. Grades 9, 10, 11 and 12 is High School. Some charter and private schools include middle school grades in their program, so the children don't have to go to a separate school.
Next to public schools, you can also check out Charter Schools and, of course, private schools. The following is just my opinion and is therefore very personal. I am not impressed with California's public school system. The current system focuses very much on reading and math only. The system is based on passing tests and teachers teach their students to pass tests - not to learn something comprehensively. Sports, music and arts are at best after- school programs and that can only be funded if the school has a very active PTA (Parent Teacher Association).
Wikipedia had a pretty good description of what a charter school is: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charter_school They are basically a public school, receiving funds through their school district (there are no fees to enroll your child), but usually they have a ''private'' curriculum. They often use different teaching methods that are only found at private schools. They are accessible to all students. They often use a lottery process to allow children into their school. This means that children of teachers/staff get first priority, followed by siblings of current students. Children who live in the school district have priority over children outside the school district.
The Bay Area has many private schools to chose from. If you plan on going that route, I would probably already start doing some research on those, because you may find that they have long waiting lists or they may have preschools that your child may be able to attend.
Socio-economics vary greatly in the Bay Area. Though the average income is fairly high compared to the rest of the country, there is also a large group of people living in poverty. The school system seems to reflect that perfectly. Public schools in poor areas have little or no parent involvement and often perform poorly. Schools in more affluent areas often show heavy parent involvement and the students seem to perform accordingly.
Private schools can offer amazing programs. They can be very costly, though. The private schools that I checked asked between $12,000 and $17,200 per school year. I found a couple of websites that helped me in my search http://www.greatschools.net/ In the upper right corner you just type the school district that you are interested in and it will give you all the schools (public, private and charter) for that district. Another good site to check is this: http://www.cde.ca.gov/ds/si/cs/ap1/imagemap.aspx This shows what charter schools are in your county. JOJ
We are relocating to Bay Area this summer from Boston and we are
trying to find a place to rent close to a (public) Elementary
School since my son will be entering K this fall.
My question is (since we already signed him up here i Boston a
LOOONG time ago) - how does it work in the Bay Area? Are you
''guaranteed'' a slot for your child when you move in to an area?
It would be quite a disappointment if we found a good school and
a nice house and it turns out that the Elmentary School close to
the house is ''full''..?! How can I find out if a school has
openings? Do I call the principals office?
Any help and hints around this would be much appreciated.
Thanks in advance :-)
As to how the assignments are made I could explain that BUT it would take up a bunch of space...so.... that info (and a bunch of other info) can probably be found in the archives of this list serve AND through the Parent Access/ Admissions office at the Berkeley Unified School District (BUSD) main office. The web site (with maps and forms and etc.) is http://www.berkeley.k12.ca.us/OS/OS_enroll.html.
I recommend that you call Francisco Martinez and his staff at BUSD Admissions at (510) 644-6504 to see what schools currently have room, and what the process would be for you if you were to rent in Berkeley. The Principles have no control over admissions in Berkeley, and may not even know the number of new students they are getting yet.
We love our kids' elementary school, as do many families at
many public elementary schools around Berkeley. However, if you
want certainty in attending a specific school, you may do better
to rent in an adjacent town.
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